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Criminal Law Vocabulary

Criminal Law Vocabulary

There are certain terms in criminal law that have very specific meaning in the context of the criminal justice system. It is important to know the meaning of these terms in order to be able to fully understand the process. In this section of my website, I provide brief definitions for some of the most commonly used terms in Ontario criminal law courts.

Peace bond

A peace bond is an official promise made by the accused person to the Court to abide by certain ...

Surety

In most cases where accused person was not released from the police station and was instead brought ...

Diversion

Sometimes the Crown may agree to allow the accused person to deal with the criminal charges by way ...

Subpoena

A subpoena is a Court order compelling a person to attend Court to give evidence at a trial or ...

Recognizance of bail

If the Court decides to release the accused on bail, the Court will set out a number of conditions ...

The Information

The Information is an official Court document which sets out the charges laid against the accused ...

The Indictment

The Indictment is an official Court document used in the Superior Court of Justice. It sets out the ...

Paralegals

Paralegals are non-lawyers who provide legal services to the public. Paralegals are now licensed ...

Summary Conviction offences

Summary conviction offences are the less serious criminal offences. With some exceptions, the ...

Indictable offences

Indictable offences are more serious criminal offences. Maximum penalties, and in some instances, ...

Hybrid offences

The majority of offences under the Criminal Code are offences where Crown has the choice whether to ...

Preliminary inquiry hearing

A preliminary inquiry hearing is an option available to an accused charged with an indictable ...

Disclosure

Disclosure is the fruits of the police investigation. Disclosure includes all police officer notes, ...

Crown pre-trial

A Crown pre-trial is an informal meeting between the Crown counsel and defence counsel (lawyer for ...

Judicial pre-trial

A Judicial pre-trial is an informal, off the record meeting between the Crown counsel, defence ...

Possession

The concept of possession often comes up in criminal law in the context of offences dealing with ...

Vladimir Fedorchuk

Barrister & Solicitor
120 Eglinton Avenue East, Suite 500
Toronto, Ontario
M4P 1E2

Cel: 647-203-9636
Fax: 647-776-3168

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